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کیمیای هنر 2012, 1(1): 27-38 Back to browse issues page
Study of Iranian’s Cultural, Artistic and Architectural Influence on the Construction of Khorasan Tomb at Lahore
Seyyed Kamal Haj Seyyed Javadi *
Abstract:   (16717 Views)
The most important manifestations of architecture in Islamic world are mosques, through which Iranians have played a special role in depicting splendor, glory, and the beauties of the sacred heaven. The Khorasan School of Architecture, according to which Char Ivan mosque was built in Khorasan, gradually spread out across the Islamic countries and entered Indian subcontinent and Pakistan. During the Mongol dynasty in India, which has the summit of this school in Shahjahan era and is contemporary to the Isfahan School in Iran, a mosque construction is built and entitled Wazirkhan which historians name it Khorasan Tomb. In this article we survey the mosque’s historical characteristics and features, using library studies and local sources along with fieldwork study, to show that in this architectural style there is a combination of the Khorasan School and decoration of the Isfahan School. This mosque is also a combination of “mosque-school”, and bazaar and a comprehensive imitation of Imam Reza’s Tomb Complex, Goharshad Mosque, religious schools and their attached bazaar. Regarding all this we’ll find out that this mosque is a symbol of Iranian cultural and artistic influence in Lahore, Pakistan.
Keywords: Wazirkhan mosque, Khorasani Style, Islamic architecture, Lahore, Subcontinent art
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2012/08/1 | Accepted: 2020/12/13
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Haj Seyyed Javadi S K. Study of Iranian’s Cultural, Artistic and Architectural Influence on the Construction of Khorasan Tomb at Lahore. کیمیای هنر 2012; 1 (1) :27-38
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