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:: Volume 1, Issue 2 (5-2012) ::
کیمیای هنر 2012, 1(2): 121-134 Back to browse issues page
A Survey on the Concept of MYTH in Islam’s Way of Treatment: Deliberating on the Quranic Meaning of “Myth’s” Various Features And Its Phenomenological Connotation
Seyyed Kamal Haj seyyed Javadi
Abstract:   (10995 Views)
Regarding the relation between art and myth, in order to express the root of Islamic - Iranian art, myth has been searched through Quranic verses. It is understood from the Quranic and Islamic culture that the concept of “āsatīr-ol-avalīn” (prior myths) contains a negative meaning, lacks approving truth, and has no external or even historical reality. On this basis, any adaptation and comparison of Quranic narratives, teachings and principles with myth is a wrong process. So it is criticized there when the Word of God is called “The Fables of the Ancients or Old World Tales” by polytheists and pagans. In this essay, by analyzing the concept of myth in Islamic tradition and the etymology of this word in Persian and Arabic language, I’ve criticized the speculation which introduces phenomenological 8 Quarterly First Year, No. 2 spring 2012 view to the myth as a way to understanding myth and divine faith. Scholars such as Eliade and a few of his colleagues believe that religion or myth in religion can be understood by phenomenology. On this basis, phenomenologist in religious studies should think like a believer in myth and from his point of view should try to understand the role and meaning of myth and religion. They believe that religion is a myth that a believer accepts its reality through phenomena and their appearances (without truly understanding their nature and reality). But according to holy verses of Quran and Islamic religious literature, the word “āsatīr-ol-avalīn” implies fables of the ancients which mostly have forged and void contents, and hence using it interchangeably with terms like historia and myth in the west thought is not correct. According to the above statements, by reviewing the Quranic literature about this word and mentioning examples of incorrect comparison of Quranic contents with myth, the phenomenological approach to the myth and religion is criticized. The opinions of those groups who have compared ethics, sacred rites and Quranic ordinances of law with myth have been shown in details. It has also been explained that the foundation of religion is divine. Also by exemplifying, it is said that the phenomenological intellective apprehension of images about myth and the viewpoint of myth hermeneutics has no basis for understanding the unchanging essences of religion.
Keywords: myth, phenomenology, reality, concept, holy
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2012/08/1
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Haj seyyed Javadi S K. A Survey on the Concept of MYTH in Islam’s Way of Treatment: Deliberating on the Quranic Meaning of “Myth’s” Various Features And Its Phenomenological Connotation. کیمیای هنر. 2012; 1 (2) :121-134
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